Epistrophe (eh-PiSS-truh-FEE): Figure of repetition that occurs when the last word or set of words in one sentence, clause, or phrase is repeated one or more times at the end of successive sentences, clauses, or phrases.

Note: Also "Antistrophe"

Further Examples

"...that this nation, under God, shall have a new birth of freedom; and that government of the people, by the people, for the people shall not perish from the earth."

- Abraham Lincoln, Gettysburg Address (here delivered by Jeff Daniels)

"You're afraid to bleed. I said you're afraid to bleed. [As] long as the white man sent you to Korea, you bled. He sent you to Germany, you bled. He sent you to the South Pacific to fight the Japanese, you bled. You bleed for white people. But when it comes time to seeing your own churches being bombed and little black girls be murdered, you haven't got no blood."

-- Malcolm X, Message to the Grassroots

"I have only a very brief opening statement. I welcome these hearings because of the opportunity that they provide to the American people to better understand why the tragedy of 9/11 happened and what we must do to prevent a reoccurrence. I also welcome the hearings because it is finally a forum where I can apologize to the loved ones of the victims of 9/11. To them who are here in the room, to those who are watching on television: Your government failed you; those entrusted with protecting you failed you; and I failed you. We tried hard, but that doesn't matter because we failed. And for that failure I would ask, once all the facts are out, for your understanding, and for your forgiveness." 

- Richard Clarke, 9/11 Commission Testimony

Richard Clarke 911 Comission

"The time for the healing of the wounds has come. The moment to bridge the chasms that divides [sic] us has come. The time to build is upon us."

-- Nelson Mandela, Presidential Inaugural Address



"Now I want you to remember that no bastard ever won a war by dying for his country. He won it by making the other poor dumb bastard die for his country."

-- delivered by George C. Scott (from the opening speech scene in the movie Patton)

"What difference does it make whether a man guzzles beer standing at the bar or whether sitting down at a table. Booze sold to a preacher or a high school girl has the same effect as when it's sold to an automobile thief or a horse thief."

-- Billy Sunday, Not Rum But Righteousness

"I have a greater responsibility than you can possibly fathom. You weep for Santiago and you curse the Marines. You have that luxury. You have the luxery of not knowing what I know: that Santiago's death, while tragic, probably saved lives; and my existence, while grotesque and incomprehensible to you, saves lives."

-- Jack Nicholson (from the "code red" courtroom scene in the movie A Few Good Men)

"MacSwiney and his comrades gave up their lives for their country. Oh, God. They shall be alive forever. They shall be speaking forever. They shall be remembered forever. The people will hear them forever."

-- Eamonn DeValera, 1920 Recording of Memorial Address for Terence MacSwiney

"Caesar has his province: there are laws which govern property -- maritime law, fiscal law, theological law, which determines the lengths of robes and so forth."

-- Timothy Leary, LSD: Methods of Control (Address at the Harvard Law School Forum)

Hau mitakuyepi, miye malakota. Maje tahan ki ne zi tiyospaye ki le hesa woke lila wakan. Mitakuye ate tasunka witko tiyospaye; Mitakuye ina wanbli zuya tiyospaye.

"This is the traditional greeting of my people that I am bound to give; albeit, it's a short version. What I said in my own language translated into English thusly:

'Hello my relatives, I am an Oglala Lakota and I come from a very sacred holy land, the Black Hills where Yellow Thunder Village is. My mother is from the War Eagle clan; and my fatherís family is from the Crazy Horse clan.'"

-- Russell Means, Statement to the Senate Committee on Indian Affairs

Rhetorical Figures in Sound

Online Speech Bank

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American Rhetoric.
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