Metaphor: Figure of explication occurring when a comparison made by speaking of one thing in terms of another; an implied comparison between two different things which share at least one attribute in common; an association between two unlike things (A vs. B) achieved by borrowing the language that refers to thing A and applying it to thing B.  (not to be confused with simile)

 

 

Examples  

Colonel Kurtz: "Are you an assassin?"

Captain Willard: "I'm a soldier."

Colonel Kurtz: "You're neither. You're an errand boy...sent by grocery clerks...to collect a bill."

-- delivered by Marlon Brando and Martin Sheen  (from the movie Apocalypse Now)

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"Why this country is a shining city on a hill."

-- Mario Cuomo, 1984 Democratic National Convention Address

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"With this faith we will be able to transform the jangling discords of our nation into a beautiful symphony of brotherhood."

-- Martin Luther King, I Have a Dream

Note here there are two metaphors which serve as a comparison for two different but related ideas: 1) racial problems = "jangling discords" and 2) racial problems solved through faith = "beautiful symphony of brotherhood"

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"This is of course the big event of show business and the atmosphere here is pure electricity. But as a television show, it does tend to go slightly off the boil, particularly as we drift into the third and fourth hour. What can we do about it?"

-- Paul Hogan, Remarks at the 59th Academy Awards

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"At the dawn of spring last year, a single act of terror brought forth the long, cold winter in our hearts. The people of Oklahoma City are mourning still."

-- Al Gore, Oklahoma Bombing Memorial Address

Note here that the implied comparison is between the (unstated) emotions of grief and sorrow and "a long, cold winter."

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"The Lord is my Shepherd. I shall not want."

-- Psalm 23:1 (KJV)

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Rhetorical Figures in Sound

Online Speech Bank

Copyright 2001-Present. 
American Rhetoric.
Created by Michael E. Eidenmuller.
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