Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus

World Health Organization Opening Statement on COVID-19

delivered 11 March 2020, Geneva, Switzerland


"We have...made the assessment that COVID-19 can be characterized as a pandemic."

Audio AR-XE mp3 of Address

WHO Situation Report for COVID-19  11 March 2020.pdf


[AUTHENTICITY CERTIFIED: Text version below transcribed directly from audio]

  Thank you. Thank you, Tarik [Jasarevic]. Good afternoon, everybody.

In the past two weeks, the number of cases of COVID-19 outside China has increased 13-fold, and the number of affected countries has tripled. There are now more than 118,000 cases in 114 countries; and 4,291 people have lost their lives. Thousands more are fighting for their lives in hospitals. In the days and weeks ahead, we expect to see the number of cases, the number of deaths, and the number of affected countries climb even higher.

W-H-O has been assessing this outbreak around the clock and we're deeply concerned both by the alarming levels of spread and severity, and by the alarming levels of inaction.

We have, therefore, made the assessment that COVID-19 can be characterized as a pandemic.

Pandemic is not a word to use lightly or carelessly. It's a word that, if misused, can cause unreasonable fear, or unjustified acceptance that the fight is over, leading to unnecessary suffering and death.

Describing the situation as a pandemic does not change W-H-Oís assessment of the threat posed by the virus. It doesnít change what W-H-O is doing, and it doesnít change what countries should do.
And we have never been before seen a pandemic sparked by a coronavirus. This is the first pandemic caused by a coronavirus. And we have never before seen a pandemic that can be controlled, at the same time.

W-H-O has been in full response mode since we were notified of the first cases. And we have called every day for countries to take urgent and aggressive action. We have rung the alarm bell loud and clear.

As I said on Monday, just looking at the number of cases and the number of countries affected does not tell the full story. Of the 118,000 cases reported globally in 114 countries, more than 90 percent of cases are in just four countries, and two of those -- China and the Republic of Korea -- have significantly declining epidemics. Eighty-one countries have not reported any cases, and 57 countries have reported 10 cases or less.

We cannot this -- We cannot say this loudly enough, or clearly enough, or often enough: All countries can still change the course of this pandemic. If countries detect, test, treat, isolate, trace, and mobilize their people in the response, those with a handful of cases can prevent those cases becoming clusters, and those clusters becoming community transmission.

Even those countries with community transmission or larger clusters can turn the tide on this virus. Several countries have demonstrated that this virus can be suppressed and controlled.

The challenge for many countries who are now dealing with large clusters or community transmission is not whether they can do the same -- itís whether they will.

Some countries are struggling with a lack of capacity.
Some countries are struggling with a lack of resources.
Some countries are struggling with a lack of resolve.

We're grateful for the measures being taken in Iran, Italy, and the Republic of Korea to slow the virus and control their epidemics. We know that these measures are taking a heavy toll on societies and economies, just as they did in China. All countries must strike a fine balance between protecting health, minimizing economic and social disruption, and respecting human rights.

W-H-Oís mandate is public health. But weíre working with many partners across all actors [or sectors]
2 to mitigate the social and economic consequences of this pandemic. This is not just a public health crisis. It's a crisis that will touch every sector -- so every sector and every individual must be involved in the fight.

I have said from the beginning that countries must take a whole-of-government, all-of-society approach, built around a comprehensive strategy to prevent infections, save lives, and minimize impact.

Let me summarize it in four key areas:
[1] First: Prepare and be ready.
[2] Second: Detect, protect, and treat.
[3] Third: Reduce transmission.
[4] And Fourth: Innovate and learn.

I remind all countries that we're calling on you to activate and scale up your emergency response mechanisms. Communicate with your people about the risks and how they can protect themselves.

This is everybodyís business:
Find, isolate, test, and treat every case and trace every contact.
Ready your hospitals.
Protect and train your health workers.
And letís all look out for each other, because we need each other.

There has been so much attention on one word ["pandemic"]. And you know that [word]. Let me give you some other words that matter much more, and that are much more actionable.
These are:
Public health.
olitical leadership.
And most of all:

Weíre in this together -- to do the right things, with calm.

We're in this together -- to do the right things, with calm, and protect the citizens of the world.

Itís doable.

I thank you.

1 And some speakers choose strategically compelling moments to deliver a rhetorical figure combination of anaphora and parallelism. This was one of those moments.

2 The official WHO transcript employs the term "sectors" instead of "actors"

3 Perhaps because few things say "actionable" more eloquently than a set of terms styled in the combination of alliteration and enumeratio.

Original Text Source: W-H-O.int

Original Audio Source: https://who.canto.global

Original Image Source: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:2019-nCoV-CDC-23312_without_background.png

Audio Note: AR-XE = American Rhetoric Extreme Enhancement

See also: CDC Latest Data and Recommendations

Page Updated: 4/15/20

U.S. Copyright Status: Text = CC BY-NC 3.0 IGO. Text modified for consistency with verbal delivery. Hyperlinks added for additional context. Audio = Uncertain. Image = Public domain.
































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