February 2023, Bute House, Edinburgh, Scotland
[AUTHENTICITY CERTIFIED: Text
version below transcribed directly from audio]
Good morning, everyone. Thank you for coming
along. I'm sorry to break into your half term break.
First Minister of Scotland is, in my
admittedly biased opinion, the best job in the world. It is a privilege beyond
measure -- one that has sustained and inspired me in good times and through the
toughest hours of my toughest days. I am proud to stand here as the first
female and longest serving incumbent of this office. And I am very proud of
what has been achieved in the years Iíve been in
However, since my very first moments in the job, I
have believed that part of serving well would be to know, almost instinctively, when the time is right to make way for someone else;
and when that time came,
to have the courage to do so even if to many across the country and in my
party it might feel too soon. In my head and in my heart, I know that time is now
-- that it is right for me, for my party, and for the country.
And so today, I am announcing my intention to step
down as First Minister and leader of my party. I have asked the National Secretary of the
SNP [Scottish National party] to
the process of electing a new party leader, and I will remain in office
until my successor is elected.
I know there will be some across the country who
feel upset by this decision and by the fact I am taking it now. Of course for
balance, there will others who will -- how should I put this -- cope with the
news just fine. Such is the beauty of democracy. But to those who do feel
shocked, disappointed, perhaps even a bit angry with me, please know that, while
hard -- and be in no doubt, this is really hard for me -- my decision comes from
a place of duty and of love -- tough love, perhaps, but love nevertheless for my party, and above all for the
Let me set out as best as I can my reasons.
First, though I know it will be tempting to see it as such, this decision is not
a reaction to short term pressures.
Of course, there are difficult issues confronting the government just now. But
when is that ever not the case.
I have spent almost three decades in front line politics; a decade and a half
on the top or second top rung of government.
When it comes to navigating choppy waters, resolving seemingly intractable
issues, or soldiering on when walking away would be the simpler option, I have
plenty of experience to draw on.
So if this was just a question of my ability or my resilience to get
through the latest period of pressure, I wouldnít be standing here today.
But itís not.
This decision comes from a deeper and longer term assessment. I know it might seem sudden, but I have been wrestling with it, albeit with
oscillating levels of intensity, for some weeks.
Essentially, I've been trying to answer two questions.
Is carrying on right for me?
And more importantly, Is me carrying on right for the country, for my party,
and for the
independence cause I have devoted my life to?
I understand why some will automatically answer "Yes" to that second question.
But in truth, I have been having to work harder in recent times to convince myself
that the answer to either of them, when examined deeply, is "Yes."
And Iíve reached the difficult conclusion that itís not.
The questions are inextricably linked but let me
try [to] [take them in turn. I've been]1 First Minister for over eight years; and I was Deputy First Minister
for the best part of eight years before that.
These jobs are a privilege. But they are also rightly hard; and especially in the case of First Minister, relentlessly so.
Now to be clear, I'm not expecting violins here. But I am a human being as well as
When I entered government in 2007, my niece and youngest nephew were babies,
just months old.
As I step down, they are about to celebrate their 17th birthdays.
Now that I think about it, thatís exactly the age to be horrified at the thought
of your auntie suddenly having more time for you.
My point is this: Giving absolutely everything of yourself to this job is the
only way to do it. The country deserves nothing less.
But in truth that can only be done, by anyone, for so long. For me, it is now
in danger of becoming too long.
A First Minister is never off duty.
Particularly in this day and age, there is virtually no privacy.
Even ordinary stuff that most people take for granted, like going for a coffee with
friends or for a walk on your own, becomes very difficult.
And the nature and form of modern political discourse means there is a much
greater intensity -- dare I say it, brutality -- to life as a politician than in
years gone by.
All in all, and actually for a long time without it being apparent, it takes
its toll on you and on those around you.
And if that is true in the best of times, it has been more so in recent years.
Leading this country through the COVID pandemic is by far the toughest thing
It may well be the toughest thing I ever do. I certainly hope so.
Now, by no stretch of the imagination was my job the hardest in the country
during that time.
But the weight of responsibility was immense.
And itís only very recently, I think, that Iíve started to comprehend, let alone
process, the physical and mental impact of it on me.
So, what Iím really saying is this: If the only question was,
"Can I battle on
for another few months," then the answer is "Yes, of course I can."
But if the question is, "Can I give this job everything it demands and deserves
for another year, let alone for the remainder of this parliamentary term -- give
it every ounce of energy that it needs in the way that I have strived to do
every day for the past eight years" -- the answer, honestly, is different.
And as that is my conclusion -- hard though it has been for me to reach it --
then given the nature and scale of the challenges the country faces, I have a
duty to say so now.
I feel that duty, first and foremost, to our country to ensure that it has
the energy of leadership it needs -- not just today but through the years that
remain of this parliamentary term.
And, right now in a very particular sense, I feel that duty to my party, too.
We are at a critical moment.
blocking of a referendum as the accepted, constitutional route to
independence is a democratic outrage.
But it puts the onus on us to decide how Scottish democracy will be protected
and to ensure that the will of the Scottish people prevails.
My preference of using the next Westminster election as a
de facto referendum is
Iíve never pretended it is perfect -- no second-best option ever is -- nor that
there are no alternatives.
That is why I have always been clear that the decision must be taken by the SNP
collectively, not by me alone.
But I know my party well enough to understand that my view as leader would carry
enormous, probably decisive, weight when our conference meets next month.
And I cannot in good conscience ask the party to choose an option based on
my judgment whilst not being convinced that I would be there as leader to see it
By making my decision clear now, I free the SNP to choose the path it believes
to be the right one, without worrying about the perceived implications for my
leadership -- and in the knowledge that a new leader will steer us, I believe
successfully, on that path.
Now, there are two further reflections that have weighed in my decision. These, I
suppose, are more about our political culture and the nature and impact of the
dominance and longevity that come from success in politics. And the first, I hope my party will take heart from.
One of the difficulties in coming to terms with this decision is that I am
confident that I can and would lead the SNP to further electoral success.
We remain by far the most trusted party in Scotland.
And while for every person in Scotland who "loves" me, there is another who,
let's say, might not be quite so enthusiastic, we are firmly on course to win the next
election while our opponents remain adrift.
But the longer any leader is in office, the more opinions about them become
fixed and very hard to change -- and that matters.
Individual polls come and go, but I am firmly of the view that there is now
majority support for independence in Scotland.
But that support needs to be solidified and it needs to grow further if our
independent Scotland is to have the best possible foundation.
To achieve that we must reach across the divide in
Scottish politics, and my judgment now is that a new leader will be better able
to do this -- someone about whom the mind of almost everyone in the country is
not already made up, for better or worse; someone who is not subject to quite the same
polarized opinions, fair or unfair,
as I now am.
The good news, as the country will now get to see more clearly perhaps, is
that the SNP is full of talented individuals more than up to that task.
My second reflection is related.
I feel more and more each day now that the fixed opinions people increasingly have
about me -- as I say, some fair, others little more than caricature -- are being
used as barriers to reasoned debate in our country.
Statements and decisions that should not be controversial at all quickly become
Issues that are controversial end up almost irrationally so.
Too often I see issues presented and as a result viewed not on their own
merits but through the prism of what I think and what people think about me.
I've always been of the belief that no one individual should be dominant in any
system for too long.
But while itís easy to hold that view in the abstract, it is much harder to live by
With this decision, I am trying to do so. Indeed, if all parties were to take
this opportunity to depolarize public
debate just a bit to focus more on issues than on personalities and to reset
the tone and the tenor of our discourse, then this decision -- right for me and, I
believe for my party and the country -- might also prove to be good for our
I certainly live in hope.
Now, a couple of final points before I take a few questions.
While I am stepping down from leadership, I am not leaving politics.
There are many issues I care deeply about and hope to champion in future.
One of these is The Promise -- the national mission, so close to my heart, to
improve the life chances of care-experienced young people and ensure they
grow up nurtured and loved.
My commitment to these young people will be lifelong.
And, obviously, there is independence.
Winning independence is the cause I have dedicated a lifetime to. It is a cause
I believe in with every fiber of my being.
And it is a cause I am convinced is being won.
I intend to be there, as it is won, every step of the way.
Yesterday morning, I attended the funeral of a
very, very dear friend and long-standing
independence activist, a wonderful man by the name of
It was actually during that funeral service that I went from being 99% certain
about this decision to a hundred percent certain -- though I know Allan would not be at all
happy to have played any part in my departure. (So Iím sorry, Allan.)
But his funeral reminded me that the cause of independence is so much bigger
than any one individual -- that all of us who believe in it contribute in
different ways, at different stages of our lives.
Since I was 16, I have contributed as an activist, a campaigner, and a leader.
And so now, as we look to what I firmly believe is the final stage in Scotlandís
journey to independence, albeit a hard one, I hope to use all the experience
and perspective I've gathered over these years to help get us there.
Lastly, there will be time in the days to come for me and others to
reflect on what has been achieved during my time as First Minister. I'm pretty
certain there will be plenty of commentary on my mistakes as well.
I will have more to say before I demit office but allow me some brief
Scotland is a changed country since 2014. And in so,
so many ways it is changed
for the better.
Young people from deprived backgrounds have never had a better chance of going
to university than now.
Our investment to double early learning and childcare is transforming
opportunities for the youngest children. It's also enabling more women to
return to work.
The baby box is enshrining our aspiration that every child should have the best
start in life.
Scotland is fairer today than it was in 2014. We have a more progressive
approach to taxation and a new social security system, with the
Payment at its heart.
Institute for Fiscal Studies confirmed last week, the poorest families
with children in Scotland are now 2,000 pounds better off as a result of our policies.2
For many in this cost-of-living crisis that will be the difference between
food on the table and a warm home -- or not.
There are stronger protections for victims of domestic abuse, and Parliament
will soon consider legislation to improve access to justice for victims of rape
and sexual offences.
I will be the strongest possible advocate for these reforms from the
We have also shown over these past few years what
can be done with the full powers of a nation, creating institutions that are
part of the transition to becoming independent -- new tax and social security agencies, a network of trade hubs across the world,
and a state-owned investment bank ready to help the country reap the industrial
benefits of our vast renewable resources. There is so much that I am proud of.
But there is always so much more to be done. I look forward to watching with
pride as my successor picks up the baton.
There will also be time in the days to come for me to say thank you to a very,
long list of people without whom I would not have lasted a single day in this
job, let alone eight years.
I wonít do so today. I might inadvertently forget someone or perhaps more
likely, start to cry.
But there are a couple of exceptions.
Firstly, my husband and family. Few people understand the price families of
politicians pay for the jobs we choose to do. Mine have been my rock throughout.
And of course, the SNP.
Since I was 16 years old, you have been my extended family. Thank you for the
honor of being your leader.
And it seems to me that eight emphatic election victories in eight years ainít
a bad record together.
Finally, and above all, the people of this beautiful, talented, diverse, at
times disputatious, but always wonderful country.
We faced the toughest of times together.
I did everything I could to guide us through that time, often from my very
familiar podium in
St Andrewís House.
And in return I was sustained through that period by a wave of support from you
that I will remember and value for the rest of my life.
So, to the people of Scotland -- to all of the people of Scotland, whether you
voted for me or not -- please know that being your First Minister has been the
privilege of my life.
Nothing -- absolutely nothing -- I do in future will ever come anywhere close.
Thank you from the very bottom of my heart.
1 A/V feed cuts out
for 3 seconds. However, in
this video clip of an abridged version
of the address the feed covering this content is preserved in near
overestimation perhaps, as indicated by this finding from the Institute
for Fiscal Studies: "Poorer households have gained from the increase and
big expansion of the Scottish child payment. The poorest tenth of
Scottish households will gain the equivalent of almost £260 per year, or
2% of their incomes, on average, from the combined effect of the
benefits and income tax changes. Households with children in
approximately the bottom third of the income distribution will gain, on
average, around £1,200 per year Ė around 4%Ė5% of their
incomes." [emphasis added] [Source: https://ifs.org.uk/publications/analysis-scottish-tax-and-benefit-reforms]
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