Barack Obama

NIH Address on Ebola Vaccine Research Potential

delivered 2 December 2014, Bethesda, Maryland

Audio AR-XE mp3 of Address

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[AUTHENTICITY CERTIFIED: Text version below transcribed directly from audio]

Well, to Secretary Burwell, to Francis Collins, Tony Fauci, your teams, to all of you, thanks so much for welcoming me here today.  It is wonderful to be back to Americaís laboratory, even if I donít always understand what youíre doing.

Last year, I welcomed Francis and some of you to the White House to launch our BRAIN Initiative to unlock the mysteries of the mind and to pursue new cures for disease.  And Francis promoted me at the time to "scientist in chief."  Which made me very proud, although I sort of felt guilty that I hadnít studied more chemistry.

But the work you do here is remarkable, and I just got a fascinating tour of your vaccine research center.  I have to say, I was very impressed with how you can clone a virus gene into a vaccine vector, then subject it to gel electrophoresis.  And then pipet the samples into a 96-well microplate.  Run it through the worldís most advanced multiparameter flow cytometer.  I mean, it was impressive.  Iíve been tinkering around the White House, setting up a similar system.  We use it for brewing beer.  But it works well for your work also.

Now, the last time I was here at NIH, early in my presidency, I came to announce a historic boost in funding for biomedical research.  Because part of American leadership in the world -- one of the things that has always marked us as exceptional -- is our leadership in science and our leadership in research.  And here at NIH, you have always been at the forefront of groundbreaking innovations.  Youíve helped pioneer new treatments for everything from cancer to heart disease to HIV/AIDS.  And as a consequence, youíve helped not just Americans but people around the world live longer, fuller lives.  Youíve saved countless lives in every corner of the globe.  And so to Francis and Tony, and all your directors and staff, and the researchers that you fund across the country and around the globe, you deserve great thanks for your leadership, and your service, and your patriotism, and your lifesaving work.

And that brings me back to today.  This past summer, as Ebola spread in West Africa, I told my team that fighting this disease had to be a national security priority, and a priority across agencies and across our government.  I realize that here in the United States, some of the attention has shifted away recently -- thatís sort of how our attention spans work sometimes.  Ebola is not leading the news right now.  But I wanted to come here because, every day, weíre focused on keeping the American people safe.  Every day, the NIH is at the forefront of this mission.  NIH personnel have volunteered and deployed to West Africa.  Some have served in medical labs, testing for Ebola.  Some of your clinicians -- members of the U.S. Public Health Service -- have deployed to care for health care workers who got infected in the line of duty.

When Nina Pham, one of the two Dallas nurses who were infected, needed treatment, Tony and his team stepped up and you were ready.  You manned shifts around the clock, day and night.  You remembered your training.  You displayed great skill and professionalism.  You reminded the world that it is possible to treat Ebola patients effectively and safely without endangering yourselves or others.

And all that has made an enormous difference.  Like a lot of Americans, I know you fell in love with Nina-- she was so sweet and big smile, her optimism, her sense of service, and reminded us -- she reminded us of the incredible sacrifices that our tireless nurses make every day, and we can never thank them enough.  And I know Tony thanks Nina for teaching him how to FaceTime.  And after she was released, Ebola-free, I was proud to welcome Nina to the Oval Office and give her a big hug, and sheís now back home in Texas, recovering, getting stronger.  And we remember what she told the world when she was released:  "Throughout this ordeal, I have put my trust in God and my medical team."  And we thank everyone on her team at the NIH Clinical Center who delivered such remarkable care to Nina.

But the point is, is that the work that you have done has continued even if the cameras have gone elsewhere.  And the urgency remains, because if we are going to actually solve this problem for ourselves, we have to solve it in West Africa as well.  And one of the great virtues of what youíve done here at NIH is reminded people that science matters and that science works.  Itís not always going to be immediate; sometimes itís going to be iterative and there are going to be some trials and there are going to be some errors and false starts and blind alleys, but the basic concept of subjecting hypotheses to tests and seeing if they work and being able to document them and replicate them -- the basic concept of science -- and making judgments on the basis of evidence, thatís whatís most needed during difficult, challenging moments like the ones that we had this summer and that we continue to have in West Africa.

Last week, just in time for Thanksgiving, NIH and your partners gave us something new to be thankful for, and that was news of the first successful step -ó completion of the Phase 1 clinical trials -- of a potential Ebola vaccine.  And on my tour just now, Doctors Nancy Sullivan and Mario Roederer showed me how they and their teams did it.  And I have to say both Nancy and Mario were really good teachers and were very patient with my rudimentary questions, and the lasers were really cool.  No potential Ebola vaccine has ever made it this far.  So this is exciting news.  But itís also a reminder of the importance of government-funded research and our need to keep investing in basic research.

Because Nancy, as she was talking about the steps that had been taken, showed me -- this is the kind of mementos scientists keep I guess -- is there was some numbers on a little chart -- from back in 1999? -- in which she had first done some experiments and trials on the Ebola virus.  So this is the product not just of last yearís work; itís the product of over a decade of inquiry and work.  And at the time, when -- Nancy was explaining when she first had some breakthroughs in understanding the Ebola virus, nobody really gave a hoot.  Until you do.  And thatís part of how science works -- you make investments and you pursue knowledge for knowledgeís sake, in part because it turns out that knowledge may turn out useful later and you donít always know when.

Last weekís news is still just a first step.  There are no guarantees.  But Dr. Cliff Lane, who is here, is working with Liberian officials to begin large-scale tests in that country.  And other potential Ebola vaccines are also in the works.  I know that here at NIH youíre also working on potential treatments for Ebola.  As you move ahead on all these fronts, I want you to know you have your Presidentís full support, and the administrationís full support.

You are a vital part of our fight against Ebola, across our government.  Today, we released an update on our efforts, here in the United States and abroad.  And it shows that, because weíve stepped up our efforts in recent months, weíre more prepared when it comes to protecting Americans here at home.  Weíre screening and monitoring arrivals from the affected countries. Weíve equipped more hospitals with new protective gear and protocols.  Weíve conducted outreach and training of hundreds of thousands of healthcare workers.

A few months ago, only 13 states could test for Ebola; today 36 states can.  Previously, there were only three facilities in the country deemed capable of treating an Ebola patient, including NIH.  Today, weíre announcing that we now have 35 Treatment Centers designated to care for a patient with Ebola.  So this is important progress.  And weíre going to just keep on at it.  And throughout, we are going to be guided by the science -- not by speculation, not by fear, not by rumor, not by panic -- by science.

Now, part of what the science and epidemiology and experience has taught us -- and Iíve said this all along -- is the best way to fight this disease, to protect Americans, is to stop it at its source.  And thatís why the United States continues to lead the global response in West Africa.  Some 3,000 of our servicemembers and civilians are now on the ground -- manning that air bridge, moving in supplies, building treatment units.  I called some of our troops in West Africa on Thanksgiving to express gratitude and they were inspiring, the can-do spirit that they displayed.

The new Medical Unit we built in Liberia to treat health workers opened last month and has begun discharging patients Ebola-free.  Weíve ramped up the capacity to train hundreds of new health workers per week.  Weíve helped improve burial practices across Liberia.  And as a consequence, weíve seen some encouraging news:  A decline in infection rates in Liberia.  And meanwhile, over the last few months, the United States has helped rally the international community.  Weíve mobilized more than $2 billion in commitments to this fight because this has to truly be a global effort.  But that money would not be there had it not been for U.S. leadership.

So our strategy is beginning to show results.  Weíre seeing some progress.  But the fight is not even close to being over.  As long as this disease continues to rage in West Africa, we could continue to see isolated cases here in America.  In West Africa, this remains the worst Ebola epidemic in history by a long shot.  And although weíve made some progress in Liberia, weíve still got work to do.  We are seeing that we still have a lot of work in Guinea, and itís actually been getting worse in Sierra Leone despite some good efforts from our British partners.  And this can still spread to other countries, as weíve seen in Mali.  Every hot-spot is an ember that, if not contained, could become a new fire.  So we cannot let down our guard, even for a minute.  And we canít just fight this epidemic; we have to extinguish it.

Much of the progress weíve made -- and the progress we still need to make -- depends on funding thatís running out.  We canít beat Ebola without more funding.  This is an expensive enterprise.  And that money is running out.  We cannot beat Ebola without more funding.  If we want other countries to keep stepping up, we will have to continue to lead the way.  And thatís why Iím calling on Congress to approve our emergency funding request to fight this disease before they leave for the holidays.  Itís a good Christmas present to the American people and to the world.

The funding weíre asking for is needed to keep strengthening our capacity here at home, so we can respond to any future Ebola cases.  The funding allows us to keep making progress in West Africa.  Remember, we have to extinguish this disease -- this is not something that we can just manage with a few cases here and there; weíve got to stamp it out.  The funding is needed to speed up testing and approval of any promising Ebola vaccines and treatments, including those here at the NIH.  Itís needed to help us partner with other countries to prevent and deal with future outbreaks and threats before they become epidemics.

This is something I want to just focus on for a second.  Tony and I were fondly reminiscing about SARS and H1N1.  Thatís what these guys do for fun.  And we were lucky with H1N1 -- that it did not prove to be more deadly.  We canít say weíre lucky with Ebola because obviously itís having a devastating effect in West Africa but it is not airborne in its transmission.

There may and likely will come a time in which we have both an airborne disease that is deadly.  And in order for us to deal with that effectively, we have to put in place an infrastructure -- not just here at home, but globally -- that allows us to see it quickly, isolate it quickly, respond to it quickly.  And it also requires us to continue the same path of basic research that is being done here at NIH that Nancy is a great example of.  So that if and when a new strain of flu, like the Spanish flu, crops up five years from now or a decade from now, weíve made the investment and weíre further along to be able to catch it.  It is a smart investment for us to make.  Itís not just insurance; it is knowing that down the road weíre going to continue to have problems like this -- particularly in a globalized world where you move from one side of the world to the other in a day.

So this is important now, but itís also important for our future and our childrenís future and our grandchildrenís future.  And the last few elections, the American people have sent Washington a pretty clear message:  Find areas where you agree, donít let the areas where you disagree shut things down, work together and get the job done.

I cannot think of a better example of an area where we should all agree than passing this emergency funding to fight Ebola and to set up some of the public health infrastructure that we need to deal with potential outbreaks in the future.  How do you argue with that?  That is not a partisan issue.  That is a basic, common-sense issue that all Americans can agree on.

Now, I have to say Iíve been very encouraged so far by the bipartisan support in our various visits with members of Congress.  For the most part, people have recognized this is not a Democratic issue or a Republican issue -- itís about the safety and security of the American people.  So letís get it done.  This can get caught up in normal politics -- we need to protect the American people and we need to show the world how American leads.

I have to tell you, I traveled to Asia, we had the G20 Summit -- if America had not led, if I had not been able to go to CDC, make a major announcement about the commitments we were going to make, be able to go to the United Nations and basically call on other countries to step up, and know that we were following through with our own commitments, had we not done that, the world would not have responded in the same way.  American leadership matters every time.  We set the tone and we set the agenda.

Now, in closing, I want to leave with a story that speaks to what we have to do.  Nancy Writebol, is from Charlotte, North Carolina.  Sheís a mom, grandma, wife, also a Christian missionary.  Along with her husband, she went to Liberia.  She was doing Godís work -ó caring for Ebola patients.  Itís hard to imagine a greater expression of the Christian ethic.  And she was then infected herself.  So she was brought back to Emory in Atlanta, she received excellent care.  Nancy was released in August.  She is Ebola-free, she continues to recover.  And she said this about how people treat her, even today:  "You have some people that just totally wrap their arms around you, and shake your hand.  And then you have other people that stand 10 feet away."

Some people wrap their arms around you.  Some people stand 10 feet away.  This disease is not just a test of our health systems; it is a test of our character as a nation.  It asks us who we are as Americans.  When we see a problem in the world -- like thousands of people dying from a disease that we know how to fight -- do we stand 10 feet away, or 10,000 miles away, or do we lead and deploy and go to help?

And I know what kind of character I want to see in America, and I know the kind of character thatís displayed by people here at NIH and some of your colleagues that are deployed right now in Liberia -- thatís who we are.  We donít give in to fears.  We are guided by our hopes and we are guided by our reason, and we are guided by our faith, and weíre guided by our confidence that we can ease suffering and make a difference.  And we imagine new treatments and cures, and we discover, and we invent, and we innovate, and we test, and we unlock new possibilities.

And when we save a life and we help a person heal, we go up to them and we open our arms, and we wrap our arms around them with understanding and love and compassion and reason.  Thatís what you do here at NIH.  Itís what we do as Americans.  Thatís who we are.  Thatís who weíll always be.

Thank you very much.

God bless you.

God bless the United States of America.

Book/CDs by Michael E. Eidenmuller, Published by McGraw-Hill (2008)

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