Anadiplosis (an-uh-dih-PLO-sis): Figure of repetition that occurs when the last word or terms in one sentence, clause, or phrase is/are repeated at or very near the beginning of the next sentence, clause, or phrase.

Ex #1: "My father was very sure about certain matters pertaining to the universe. To him all good things -- trout as well as eternal salvation -- come by grace and grace comes by art and art does not come easy." - Norman McLean, A River Runs Through It and Other Stories.

Ex #2: "Liberalism was inevitably displaced by radicalism; radicalism had to surrender to socialism; and socialism could never resist communism. The communist regime in the East could stand and grow due to the enthusiastic support from an enormous number of Western intellectuals who felt a kinship and refused to see communism's crimes."

-- Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn, Harvard University Commencement Address

Ex #3: "Kinetic energy is also known as the energy of motion. A vehicle's energy of motion doubles when its weight doubles. When a vehicle's weight doubles, it needs about twice the distance to stop." --


Further Examples

"They call for you: The general who became a slave; the slave who became a gladiator; the gladiator who defied an Emperor. Striking story. Now the people want to know how the story ends."

-- delivered by Joaquin Phoenix (from the movie Gladiator)

"Tonight, we are a country awakened to danger and called to defend freedom. Our grief has turned to anger, and anger to resolution."

-- George W. Bush, 9-20-01 Address to Congress and the Nation

"When your cable company keeps you on hold, you get angry. When you get angry, you go blow off steam. When you go blow off steam, accidents happen. When accidents happen, you get an eye patch. When you get an eye patch, people think you're tough. When people think you're tough, people want to see how tough. And when people want to see how tough, you wake up in a roadside ditch. Don't wake up in a roadside ditch: Get rid of cable and upgrade to DIRECTV"

-- DIRECTV Ad, 2012


"Of course our vision and our aims go far beyond the complex arguments of economics, but unless we get the economy right, we shall deny our people the opportunity to share that vision and to see beyond the narrow horizons of economic necessity. Without a healthy economy we can’t have a healthy society and without a healthy society the economy won’t stay healthy for long."

-- Margaret Thatcher, The Lady's Not For Turning

"Wherever you are tonight, you can make it. Hold your head high. Stick your chest out. You can make it. It gets dark sometimes; but the morning comes. Don't you surrender! Suffering breeds character; character breeds faith; in the end faith will not disappoint. You must not surrender!

-- Jesse Jackson, 1988 Democratic National Convention Address

Helen Parr/Elastigirl: "Dash, this is the third time this year you've been sent to the office. We need to find a better outlet, a more...constructive outlet."

Dashiell 'Dash' Parr: "Maybe I could, if you'd let me go out for sports."

Helen Parr/Elastigirl: "Dashiell Robert Parr, you are an incredibly competitive boy -- and a bit of a showoff. The last thing you need is temptation."

Dashiell 'Dash' Parr: "You always say, 'Do your best.' But you don't really mean it. Why can't I do the best that I can do?"

Helen Parr/Elastigirl: "Right now, honey, the world just wants us to fit in, and to fit in we just gotta be like everybody else."

-- delivered by Holly Hunter and Spencer Fox (from the movie The Incredibles)


"Our counterterrorism strategy was a part of a broader package of strategies that addressed the complexities of the region. Integrating our counterterrorism and regional strategies was the most difficult and the most important aspect of the new strategy to get right. Al-Qaida was both a client of and a patron to the Taliban, which in turn was supported by Pakistan. America's al-Qaida policy wasn't working because our Afghanistan policy wasn't working. And our Afghanistan policy wasn't working because our Pakistan policy wasn't working."

-- Condoleezza Rice, Statement to the 9/11 Commission

  "The process of being turned from a creature into a son would not have been difficult or painful if the human race had not turned away from God centuries ago. They were able to do this because He gave them free will. He gave them free will because a world of mere automata could never love; and therefore never know infinite happiness."

-- C.S. Lewis, Mere Christianity (delivered by Geoffrey Howard)

"Once you change your philosophy, you change your thought pattern. Once you change your thought pattern, you change your attitude. Once you change your attitude, it changes your behavior pattern and then you go on into some action."

-- Malcolm X,  The Ballot or the Bullet

"Somehow, with the benefit of little formal education, my grandparents recognized the inexorable downward spiral of conduct outside the guardrails: If you lie, you will cheat; if you cheat, you will steal; if you steal, you will kill."

-- USSC Justice Clarence Thomas, 1993 Mercer Law School Address

Moe Flatbush: You want a cigar, babe?

Bleek Gilliam: No, I don't want a cigar. I don't want any meat and potatoes either. I want more money, okay? I'm not happy. When I'm not happy, I don't play good. When I don't play good, the music doesn't sound good. If the music doesn't sound good, nobody comes. We all lose our money."

-- delivered by Denzel Washington & John Arturo (from the movie Mo' Better Blues)

"There are few things more important in this economy than jobs. Jobs mean people have money. People having money means they can buy things. People buying things means companies can make and sell more things. Companies making and selling more things means companies hire more people. And so the cycle repeats."

-- delivered by Kai Ryssdal for NPR Marketplace, 12/15/20

Note: Not a diction perfect anadiplosis (e.g., "have" vs. "having") but the atypical (re)cycling loop renders it sufficiently artful for inclusion.


"There were some in the House, and there may be some in the Senate, who argue that the [Voting Rights] Act is no longer needed. There are others who would argue that we shouldn't renew section 203's protection of language minorities. These arguments have been tied to debates over immigration and they tend to muddle a noncontroversial issue -- protecting the right to vote -- with one of today's most contentious debates. But let's remember, you can't request language assistance if you're not a voter. And you can't be a voter if you're not a citizen. And while voters, as citizens, must be proficient in English, many are simply more confident that they can cast ballots printed in their native languages without making errors. It's not an unreasonable assumption."

-- Barack Obama, Senate Floor Speech on Voting Rights Act Renewal

Captain Andrew Haldane:

"Never run when you can walk.
Never walk when you can stand.
Never stand when you can sit.
Never sit when you can lay down.
Never lay down when you can sleep." [joined by Sgt. Haney]

"And never pass a supply of clean water."

-- delivered by Scott Gibson and Gary Sweet [from the film The Pacific, Ep. 7)


"In the last 20 years the Voice of America and its parent organization have grown in strength and in stature, but in the next 20 years our opportunities to tell our story will expand beyond belief: the advent of the communications satellite, the modernization and education of less-developed nations, the new wonders of electronic[s] and technology -- all these and other developments will give our generation an unprecedented opportunity to tell our story. And as you tell it, it spreads. And as it spreads, not only is the security of the United States assisted, but the cause of freedom."

-- John F. Kennedy, On the 20th Anniversary of the Voice of America

"If there be righteousness in the heart, there will be beauty in the character. If there be beauty in the character, there will be harmony in the home. If there be harmony in the home, there will be order in the Nation. And if there be order in the Nation, there will be peace in the world."

-- John Denver (quoting Confucius), Statement to Congress on Censorship in Popular Music Lyrics

"No one should say, 'God is tempting me.' For God cannot be tempted by evil, nor does He tempt anyone. But each person is tempted when they are dragged away by their own evil desire and enticed. Then, after desire has conceived, it gives birth to sin; and sin, when it is full grown, gives birth to death."

-- James 1:14-15 (delivered by Max McLean)

"Every honest person knows that the laws in this country today -- they're made almost entirely by unelected bureaucrats and courts. They're not made by this body. Why not? Because this body doesn't want to make law. That's why not. Because in order to make law, you have to take a vote. In order to vote, you have to be on the record. And to be on the record is to be held accountable. And that's what this body fears above all else, Madam President. This body is terrified of being held accountable for anything, on any subject."

-- Josh Hawley, Senate Floor Speech on USSC Bostock Decision

Note: Passage suffused with hyperbole (e.g., Laws are "not made by this body," "This body is terrified of being held accountable for anything, on any subject") typical of blanket statements.

"America, we know, is composed of diverse communit[ies].  We have different languages, different skills, different talents, and different religion[s]. But when our way of life is threatened, like the freedom and liberty we all cherish, we come together as one. And when we come together as one, we are invincible.  We cannot be defeated. That’s why we need this national Navajo Code Talker Museum so that our children, the future generation, can go through that museum and learn why America is so strong."

-- Peter MacDonald, Navajo Code Talkers Address at the White House

President Kovac: Thank you for your service, Captain... Seifert. Ah, like the poet.

CAPT Seifert: Yes, like the poet, Madam President.

President Kovac: The beauty of being Czech: Soldiers can be poets; poets can be Presidents. The are no limits.

CAPT Seifert: No, Ma'am.

-- delivered by Nina Hoss (from Season 3, Ep.4 of the Amazon TV series Jack Ryan)

Rhetorical Figures in Sound

Online Speech Bank

© Copyright 2001-Present. 
American Rhetoric.
Created by Michael E. Eidenmuller.
All rights reserved.